The knee is the largest joint in the body, and one of the most critical enabling leg movement and upper body support. The knee joint is crucial to everyday activities including sitting, standing, walking and running. Knee pain is a common problem that can occur in the the knee joint, the kneecap or the ligaments and cartilage of the knee. It is an area highly vulnerable to injury, particularly to athletes and very active individuals.
Poor foot function can be a factor in joint pain in the knees, hips, and lower back. The most common cause of foot related knee pain is inordinate foot flattening, pushing the knee to roll inwards in an unusual, injurious position.
There are other factors that can cause strain and injuries to the knee, including poor footwear, training programs, and abnormal alignment of the foot and lower leg.
A podiatrist will check whether the knee pain is related to foot function. Based on this assessment, they may prescribe specific exercises or stretches to help reduce knee pain. If poor foot function is a factor, then orthotics may be recommended to improve foot function. Orthotics can improve foot position, alleviating stressful forces on the knees.